World Drug Code

Here are the key points of the first World Anti-Doping Code approved by sports bodies and governments:

-Athletes are responsible for any banned substance in their body, regardless of how it got there.

-Athletes carry burden of proof in contesting positive drug findings.

-Drug violations during competition lead to automatic disqualification, including loss of any medals.

-First serious violation merits two-year suspension, allowing for "exceptional circumstances." Life bans for second infractions.

-Suspensions can be reduced or waived if athletes prove they were not at fault for positive finding.

-Minimum four-year bans for trafficking in banned drugs.

-Federations and national bodies will carry out unannounced, out-of-competition testing from a registered pool of top athletes.

-Creation of single list of banned substances that will be regularly revised.

-Substances will be placed on banned list if they meet two of three criteria: They enhance performance; they pose

risks; they violate the "spirit of sport."

-Exemptions may be granted if athletes have documented

conditions requiring use of a banned substance.

-Drug samples will be analyzed only at WADA accredited or approved labs.

-Athletes are assured right to a hearing in drug appeals.

-WADA will act as a testing clearinghouse.