The Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center (ACJIC) has released Crime in Alabama 2012, the state's official statistical analysis of all crime reported within Alabama during the previous year.
The 2012 report notes a 5 percent decrease in the total number of overall crime offenses reported for Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) purposes, and a 6 percent decrease in the number of property crimes offenses reported by Alabama law enforcement agencies reporting UCR statistics to ACJIC.
The 2012 decreases represented in five of the seven Part I crime categories collected for UCR statistical purposes by the state's Statistical Analysis Center operated at ACJIC include:
*A 10 percent decrease in the number of 2012 reported offenses involving the violent crime of Forcible Rape;
*A 2 percent decrease in the number of 2012 reported offenses involving the violent crime of Robbery;
*An 11 percent decrease in the number of 2012 reported offenses involving the property crime of Burglary;
*A 3 percent decrease in the number of 2012 reported offenses involving the property crime of Larceny/Theft; and
*A 10 percent decrease in the number of 2012 reported offenses involving the property crime of Motor Vehicle Theft.
The Crime in Alabama 2012 report also indicated a 3 percent overall increase in the number of total violent crime offenses reported in 2012, when compared to the previous year's totals. This was due to increases in the remaining two violent crime categories collected by the state for UCR purposes, including:
*A 5 percent increase in the number of reported offenses involving the violent crime of Homicide; and
*A 6 percent increase in the number of reported offenses involving the violent crime of Aggravated Assault.
Published by ACJIC since 1977, the annual publication features a compilation of incidents and offenses reported by county, municipal, university and state law enforcement agencies throughout Alabama for the previous calendar year. The report also includes an overview of certain Part II crimes, as well as statistics regarding arrests and recovered property, and is based on UCR data submitted to ACJIC by approximately 350 Alabama law enforcement agencies.
ACJIC has also released supplemental reports excerpted from the Crime in Alabama 2012 report, including:
- 2012 Domestic Violence in Alabama, which provides statistics on 2012 offenses in which the relationship of the victim and offender is husband, wife, common-law spouse, ex-husband, ex-wife, girlfriend, boyfriend, ex-girlfriend or ex-boyfriend. Statistics contained within this report include adult and juvenile victims. Also included in a separate report is the 2012 Domestic Violence Crime statistics by County breakdown;
- 2012 Juvenile Victims of Violent Crime in Alabama, which provides statistics on 2012 offenses in which the victim was a juvenile (defined as a person 17 years of age or younger); and
- 2012 Drug-related Crime Statistics in Alabama, which includes a county-by-county breakdown of the arrests for sale and/or possession of illegal drugs of both adult and juvenile offenders.
"This is the 37th year that ACJIC has analyzed and published the annual Crime in Alabama report," said ACJIC Director Maury Mitchell. "This publication provides a 'snapshot' based picture of crime in the state designed to assist policymakers and law enforcement officials make more informed decisions in response to crime."
Mitchell noted that the UCR electronic reporting rule enacted by the statewide ACJIC Commission in 2010 has increased the ability of local law enforcement agencies to report UCR data in a more complete and effective manner. He also cautioned that the annual Crime in Alabama publication is not intended to be used to evaluate or compare one law enforcement agency with another, as valid assessments are possibly only through the careful study and analysis of the unique conditions that affect each individual law enforcement jurisdiction.
"While it is human nature to try to make comparisons, the statistics included in this report are not intended to serve as the sole indicator of either workload or effectiveness of the agencies participating in the UCR program," Mitchell cautioned." This report cannot, and should not, be used to serve as the sole indicator of either workload or the effectiveness of the agencies participating in the state's UCR program, as this is only one aspect of the activities and responsibilities of the law enforcement community."
Only three agencies submitted requests to ACJIC to report their 2012 UCR statistics in the traditional summary format, due to technical issues affecting their ability to submit UCR data to ACJIC electronically. These three agencies include the Birmingham Police Department, the Mobile Police Department and the Montgomery Police Department. All three of the agencies are working to resolve their technical issues, and have agreed to submit a full year of 2013 UCR data to ACJIC in the required electronic format.
Alabama's UCR program is administered by ACJIC to provide uniform crime statistics to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ACJIC is the state agency which connects Alabama's local, state and federal law enforcement agencies to the FBI's National Crime Information Center and provides access to law enforcement in all 50 states and internationally via Nlets, the International Justice and Public Safety Network.