All of these events occurred on the same day of the month, August 19.
1812: The USS Constitution defeats the British frigate HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia, earning the nickname, "Old Ironsides."
1942: Actor, politician and lawyer Fred Thompson is born in Sheffield, Alabama.
1951: Standing 3 feet 7, performer Eddie Gaedel is hired to pinch hit for the St. Louis Browns in the second game of a doubleheader against Detroit. He walks on four pitches.
1965: Actress Kyra Sedgwick is born in New York City.
1972: NBC airs a musical variety special titled The Midnight Special which later becomes a regular series.
1977: Actor and comedian Groucho Marx dies in Los Angeles at age 86.
1980: "The Breaks", by Kurtis Blow, becomes the first gold record in the rap genre.
2009: Television producer Don Hewitt, 86, dies in Bridgehampton, New York.