Live liver donation on the rise

Published: May. 9, 2016 at 2:37 PM EDT|Updated: May. 9, 2016 at 2:58 PM EDT
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(Source: Ivanhoe Newswire)
(Source: Ivanhoe Newswire)

SAN DIEGO (Ivanhoe Newswire/WTVM) -- Last year, 359 liver transplants were made possible by live liver donation. It is a number that has grown over the past three years, and experts say it may be evidence that more people are learning about what can be, for some, the only life-saving option.

Twenty-one-year-old Ashley Ray suffered from liver disease since age nine. When she was 19, her liver failed.

"I deteriorated very fast, and Dr. Hemming said I wouldn't have made it waiting on the transplant list," says Ray.

Her uncle, Keith Garcia, found out he was a blood type match and he volunteered to donate half his liver.

"I felt confident that I would survive what the surgery entailed," says Garcia.

Alan Hemming, M.D., chief of transplantation at UC San Diego Health says live liver donation allows patients to get transplants before they get too sick.

"It doesn't take away the risk of transplantation, it just takes away the risk of dying on the waiting list," Dr. Hemming explains.

In an eight-hour surgery, Dr. Hemming and his team removed 60% of Keith's liver and transplanted it into Ray. Both halves of Garcia's liver will grow back to nearly full-size.

"It was just a once in a lifetime experience to see my uncle standing on the other side with half of his liver inside me, keeping me alive," says Ray.

Donors risk complications or death, but Garcia recovered quickly, returning to work in two weeks.

Garcia says, "Having her that close to death, it was traumatic. So now that it's all behind us, I'm not dwelling on it too much."

Ray is now a biochemistry student aiming to be a doctor.

Despite the live liver option, the American Liver Foundation says about 17,000 people are on the waiting list to get a liver transplant. Only a third of them will get a liver, and every year, as many as 1,700 people die waiting. Doctors say because of the increased risk, live liver donation is still rare. Less than 5% of liver transplants have a live donor.

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